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C#实现多线程下载文件的方法

发布时间:2015-08-21 16:45:41 作者:我心依旧

这篇文章主要介绍了C#实现多线程下载文件的方法,实例分析了C#多线程及文件传输的相关技巧,具有一定参考借鉴价值,需要的朋友可以参考下

本文实例讲述了C#实现多线程下载文件的方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体实现方法如下:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using System.Threading;
using System.Net;
namespace WfpApp
{
 public class MultiDownload
 {
  #region 变量
  private int _threadNum;    //线程数量
  private long _fileSize;    //文件大小
  private string _fileUrl;   //文件地址
  private string _fileName;   //文件名
  private string _savePath;   //保存路径
  private short _threadCompleteNum; //线程完成数量
  private bool _isComplete;   //是否完成
  private volatile int _downloadSize; //当前下载大小(实时的)
  private Thread[] _thread;   //线程数组
  private List<string> _tempFiles = new List<string>();
  private object locker = new object();
  #endregion
  #region 属性
  /// <summary>
  /// 文件名
  /// </summary>
  public string FileName
  {
   get
   {
    return _fileName;
   }
   set
   {
    _fileName = value;
   }
  }
  /// <summary>
  /// 文件大小
  /// </summary>
  public long FileSize
  {
   get
   {
    return _fileSize;
   }
  }
  /// <summary>
  /// 当前下载大小(实时的)
  /// </summary>
  public int DownloadSize
  {
   get
   {
    return _downloadSize;
   }
  }
  /// <summary>
  /// 是否完成
  /// </summary>
  public bool IsComplete
  {
   get
   {
    return _isComplete;
   }
  }
  /// <summary>
  /// 线程数量
  /// </summary>
  public int ThreadNum
  {
   get
   {
    return _threadNum;
   }
  }
  /// <summary>
  /// 保存路径
  /// </summary>
  public string SavePath
  {
   get
   {
    return _savePath;
   }
   set
   {
    _savePath = value;
   }
  }
  #endregion
  /// <summary>
  /// 构造函数
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="threahNum">线程数量</param>
  /// <param name="fileUrl">文件Url路径</param>
  /// <param name="savePath">本地保存路径</param>
  public MultiDownload(int threahNum, string fileUrl, string savePath)
  {
   this._threadNum = threahNum;
   this._thread = new Thread[threahNum];
   this._fileUrl = fileUrl;
   this._savePath = savePath;
  }
  public void Start()
  {
   HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(_fileUrl);
   HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
   _fileSize = response.ContentLength;
   int singelNum = (int)(_fileSize / _threadNum);  //平均分配
   int remainder = (int)(_fileSize % _threadNum);  //获取剩余的
   request.Abort();
   response.Close();
   for (int i = 0; i < _threadNum; i++)
   {
    List<int> range = new List<int>();
    range.Add(i * singelNum);
    if (remainder != 0 && (_threadNum - 1) == i) //剩余的交给最后一个线程
     range.Add(i * singelNum + singelNum + remainder - 1);
    else
     range.Add(i * singelNum + singelNum - 1);
    //下载指定位置的数据
    int[] ran = new int[] { range[0], range[1] };
    _thread[i] = new Thread(new ParameterizedThreadStart(Download));
    _thread[i].Name = System.IO.Path.GetFileNameWithoutExtension(_fileUrl) + "_{0}".Replace("{0}", Convert.ToString(i + 1));
    _thread[i].Start(ran);
   }
  }
  private void Download(object obj)
  {
   Stream httpFileStream = null, localFileStram = null;
   try
   {
    int[] ran = obj as int[];
    string tmpFileBlock = System.IO.Path.GetTempPath() + Thread.CurrentThread.Name + ".tmp";
    _tempFiles.Add(tmpFileBlock);
    HttpWebRequest httprequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(_fileUrl);
    httprequest.AddRange(ran[0], ran[1]);
    HttpWebResponse httpresponse = (HttpWebResponse)httprequest.GetResponse();
    httpFileStream = httpresponse.GetResponseStream();
    localFileStram = new FileStream(tmpFileBlock, FileMode.Create);
    byte[] by = new byte[5000];
    int getByteSize = httpFileStream.Read(by, 0, (int)by.Length); //Read方法将返回读入by变量中的总字节数
    while (getByteSize > 0)
    {
     Thread.Sleep(20);
     lock (locker) _downloadSize += getByteSize;
     localFileStram.Write(by, 0, getByteSize);
     getByteSize = httpFileStream.Read(by, 0, (int)by.Length);
    }
    lock (locker) _threadCompleteNum++;
   }
   catch (Exception ex)
   {
    throw new Exception(ex.Message.ToString());
   }
   finally
   {
    if (httpFileStream != null) httpFileStream.Dispose();
    if (localFileStram != null) localFileStram.Dispose();
   }
   if (_threadCompleteNum == _threadNum)
   {
    Complete();
    _isComplete = true;
   }
  }
  /// <summary>
  /// 下载完成后合并文件块
  /// </summary>
  private void Complete()
  {
   Stream mergeFile = new FileStream(@_savePath, FileMode.Create);
   BinaryWriter AddWriter = new BinaryWriter(mergeFile);
   foreach (string file in _tempFiles)
   {
    using (FileStream fs = new FileStream(file, FileMode.Open))
    {
     BinaryReader TempReader = new BinaryReader(fs);
     AddWriter.Write(TempReader.ReadBytes((int)fs.Length));
     TempReader.Close();
    }
    File.Delete(file);
   }
   AddWriter.Close();
  }
 }
}

调用:

string httpUrl = @"http://172.28.98.96/fdimsservice/2.rar";
string saveUrl = System.Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.Desktop) + "//" + System.IO.Path.GetFileName(httpUrl);
int threadNumber = 5;
MultiDownload md = new MultiDownload(threadNumber, httpUrl, saveUrl);
md.Start();

希望本文所述对大家的C#程序设计有所帮助。

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