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vue实现登录时的图片验证码

作者:卢哈哈绝不认输

这篇文章主要为大家详细介绍了vue实现登录时的图片验证码,文中示例代码介绍的非常详细,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

本文实例为大家分享了vue实现登录时的图片验证码的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

效果图

一、新建vue组件components/identify/identify.vue

<template>
  <div class="s-canvas">
    <canvas id="s-canvas" :width="contentWidth" :height="contentHeight"></canvas>
  </div>
</template>
<script>
export default {
  name: 'SIdentify',
  props: {
    identifyCode: {
      type: String,
      default: '1234'
    },
    fontSizeMin: {
      type: Number,
      default: 28
    },
    fontSizeMax: {
      type: Number,
      default: 40
    },
    backgroundColorMin: {
      type: Number,
      default: 180
    },
    backgroundColorMax: {
      type: Number,
      default: 240
    },
    colorMin: {
      type: Number,
      default: 50
    },
    colorMax: {
      type: Number,
      default: 160
    },
    lineColorMin: {
      type: Number,
      default: 40
    },
    lineColorMax: {
      type: Number,
      default: 180
    },
    dotColorMin: {
      type: Number,
      default: 0
    },
    dotColorMax: {
      type: Number,
      default: 255
    },
    contentWidth: {
      type: Number,
      default: 112
    },
    contentHeight: {
      type: Number,
      default: 40
    }
  },
  methods: {
    // 生成一个随机数
    randomNum (min, max) {
      return Math.floor(Math.random() * (max - min) + min)
    },
    // 生成一个随机的颜色
    randomColor (min, max) {
      var r = this.randomNum(min, max)
      var g = this.randomNum(min, max)
      var b = this.randomNum(min, max)
      return 'rgb(' + r + ',' + g + ',' + b + ')'
    },
    drawPic () {
      var canvas = document.getElementById('s-canvas')
      var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d')
      ctx.textBaseline = 'bottom'
      // 绘制背景
      ctx.fillStyle = this.randomColor(
        this.backgroundColorMin,
        this.backgroundColorMax
      )
      ctx.fillRect(0, 0, this.contentWidth, this.contentHeight)
      // 绘制文字
      for (let i = 0; i < this.identifyCode.length; i++) {
        this.drawText(ctx, this.identifyCode[i], i)
      }
      this.drawLine(ctx)
      this.drawDot(ctx)
    },
    drawText (ctx, txt, i) {
      ctx.fillStyle = this.randomColor(this.colorMin, this.colorMax)
      ctx.font =
        this.randomNum(this.fontSizeMin, this.fontSizeMax) + 'px SimHei'
      var x = (i + 1) * (this.contentWidth / (this.identifyCode.length + 1))
      var y = this.randomNum(this.fontSizeMax, this.contentHeight - 5)
      var deg = this.randomNum(-30, 30)
      // 修改坐标原点和旋转角度
      ctx.translate(x, y)
      ctx.rotate(deg * Math.PI / 270)
      ctx.fillText(txt, 0, 0)
      // 恢复坐标原点和旋转角度
      ctx.rotate(-deg * Math.PI / 270)
      ctx.translate(-x, -y)
    },
    drawLine (ctx) {
      // 绘制干扰线
      for (let i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
        ctx.strokeStyle = this.randomColor(
          this.lineColorMin,
          this.lineColorMax
        )
        ctx.beginPath()
        ctx.moveTo(
          this.randomNum(0, this.contentWidth),
          this.randomNum(0, this.contentHeight)
        )
        ctx.lineTo(
          this.randomNum(0, this.contentWidth),
          this.randomNum(0, this.contentHeight)
        )
        ctx.stroke()
      }
    },
    drawDot (ctx) {
      // 绘制干扰点
      for (let i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
        ctx.fillStyle = this.randomColor(0, 255)
        ctx.beginPath()
        ctx.arc(
          this.randomNum(0, this.contentWidth),
          this.randomNum(0, this.contentHeight),
          1,
          0,
          2 * Math.PI
        )
        ctx.fill()
      }
    }
  },
  watch: {
    identifyCode () {
      this.drawPic()
    }
  },
  mounted () {
    this.drawPic()
  }
}
</script>
<style lang='less' scoped>
.s-canvas {
    height: 38px;
}
.s-canvas canvas{
    margin-top: 1px;
    margin-left: 8px;
}
</style>

二、需要地方引入

<template>
 <span @click="refreshCode" style="cursor: pointer;">
  <s-identify :identifyCode="identifyCode" ></s-identify>
 </span>
</template>

<script>
// 引入图片验证码组件
import SIdentify from '@/components/identify'
export default {
 components: { SIdentify },
 data() {
  return {
   // 图片验证码
   identifyCode: '',
   // 验证码规则
   identifyCodes: '3456789ABCDEFGHGKMNPQRSTUVWXY',
  }
 },
 methods: {
  // 切换验证码
     refreshCode() {
   this.identifyCode = ''
   this.makeCode(this.identifyCodes, 4)
     },
  // 生成随机验证码
  makeCode(o, l) {
    for (let i = 0; i < l; i++) {
      this.identifyCode += this.identifyCodes[
        Math.floor(Math.random() * (this.identifyCodes.length - 0) + 0)
      ]
    }
  },
 }
}
</script>

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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