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js实现轮播图的两种方式(构造函数、面向对象)

作者:sayid~

这篇文章主要为大家详细介绍了js实现轮播图的两种方式,一是构造函数、另一种是面向对象方式方式,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

本文实例为大家分享了js实现轮播图的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

1、构造函数

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 <head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title></title>
  <style type='text/css'>
   *{ margin:0; padding:0;}
   
   #wrap{
    width:500px;
    height:360px;
    margin:100px auto;
    position:relative;
   }

   #pic{
    width:500px;
    height:360px;
    position:relative;
   }

   #pic img{
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
    position:absolute;
    top:0;
    left:0;
    display:none;
   }

   #tab{
    width:105px;
    height:10px;
    position:absolute;
    bottom:10px;
    left:50%;
    margin-left:-50px;
   }

   #tab ul li{
    width:10px;
    height:10px;
    margin:0 5px;
    background:#bbb;
    border-radius:100%;
    cursor:pointer;
    list-style:none;
    float:left;
   }
   #tab ul li.on{ background:#f60;}

   #btn div{
    width:40px;
    height:40px;
    position:absolute;
    top:50%;
    margin-top:-20px;
    color:#fff;
    background:#999;
    background:rgba(0,0,0,.5);
    font-size:20px;
    font-weight:bold;
    font-family:'Microsoft yahei';
    line-height:40px;
    text-align:center;
    cursor:pointer;
   }
   #btn div#left{ left:0;}
   #btn div#right{ right:0;}

  </style>
 </head>
 <body>
  <div id="wrap">
   <div id="pic">
    <img src="img/1.jpg" alt="" />
    <img src="img/2.jpg" alt="" />
    <img src="img/3.jpg" alt="" />
    <img src="img/4.jpg" alt="" />
   </div>
   <div id="tab">
    <ul>
     <li></li>
     <li></li>
     <li></li>
     <li></li>
    </ul>
   </div>
   <div id="btn">
    <div id='left'><</div>
    <div id='right'>></div>
   </div>
  </div>
  <script>
   var oWrap=document.getElementById('wrap')
   var picImg=document.getElementById('pic').getElementsByTagName('img');
   var tabLi=document.getElementById('tab').getElementsByTagName('li');
   var btnDiv=document.getElementById('btn').getElementsByTagName('div');
   var index=0;
   var timer=null;//设置一个timer变量,让他的值为空
   //初始化
   picImg[0].style.display='block';
   tabLi[0].className='on';
   
   for(var i=0;i<tabLi.length;i++){

    tabLi[i].index=i; 
    tabLi[i].onclick=function(){
     
     //不然要for循环清空
  /*   for(var i=0;i<tabLi.length;i++){
      picImg[i].style.display='none'; 
      tabLi[i].className='';
     }*/
     picImg[index].style.display='none'; //每个li都有index自定义属性
     tabLi[index].className='';
     index=this.index;
     picImg[index].style.display='block';
     tabLi[index].className='on';
     
    }    
   };
   for(var i=0;i<btnDiv.length;i++){

    btnDiv[i].index=i;
    btnDiv[i].onselectstart=function(){ //禁止选择
     return false;
    }
    btnDiv[i].onclick=function(){
     
     picImg[index].style.display='none'; //每个li都有index自定义属性
     tabLi[index].className='';
     //index=this.index;
     if(this.index){
      index++; //进来就加1,index就相当1%4 2%4 3%4 4%4
      //if(index>tabLi.length){index=0}
      //index=index%arrUrl.length; 自己取模自己等于0 alert(3%3) == 0 
      index%=tabLi.length;//相当于当大于tabLi.length就等于0
     }else{
      index--;
      if(index<0)index=tabLi.length-1;     
     }  
     picImg[index].style.display='block';
     tabLi[index].className='on';
     
    }    
   };
   auto();
   oWrap.onmouseover=function(){
    clearInterval(timer)
   }
   oWrap.onmouseleave=function(){
    auto();
   }
   function auto(){
    timer=setInterval(function(){ //一般都是向左轮播,index++
      picImg[index].style.display='none';
      tabLi[index].className='';
      index++;
      index%=tabLi.length;
      picImg[index].style.display='block';
      tabLi[index].className='on';
    },2000)
   };
  </script>
 </body>
</html>


2、面向对象

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 <head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <title></title>
  <style type='text/css'>
   *{ margin:0; padding:0;}
   
   #wrap{
    width:500px;
    height:360px;
    margin:100px auto;
    position:relative;
   }

   #pic{
    width:500px;
    height:360px;
    position:relative;
   }

   #pic img{
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
    position:absolute;
    top:0;
    left:0;
    display:none;
   }

   #tab{
    width:105px;
    height:10px;
    position:absolute;
    bottom:10px;
    left:50%;
    margin-left:-50px;
   }

   #tab ul li{
    width:10px;
    height:10px;
    margin:0 5px;
    background:#bbb;
    border-radius:100%;
    cursor:pointer;
    list-style:none;
    float:left;
   }
   #tab ul li.on{ background:#f60;}

   #btn div{
    width:40px;
    height:40px;
    position:absolute;
    top:50%;
    margin-top:-20px;
    color:#fff;
    background:#999;
    background:rgba(0,0,0,.5);
    font-size:20px;
    font-weight:bold;
    font-family:'Microsoft yahei';
    line-height:40px;
    text-align:center;
    cursor:pointer;
   }
   #btn div#left{ left:0;}
   #btn div#right{ right:0;}

  </style>
 </head>
 <body>
  <div id="wrap">
   <div id="pic">
    <img src="img/1.jpg" alt="" />
    <img src="img/2.jpg" alt="" />
    <img src="img/3.jpg" alt="" />
    <img src="img/4.jpg" alt="" />
   </div>
   <div id="tab">
    <ul>
     <li></li>
     <li></li>
     <li></li>
     <li></li>
    </ul>
   </div>
   <div id="btn">
    <div id='left'><</div>
    <div id='right'>></div>
   </div>
  </div>
  <script>
   var oWrap=document.getElementById('wrap')
   var picImg=document.getElementById('pic').getElementsByTagName('img');
   var tabLi=document.getElementById('tab').getElementsByTagName('li');
   var btnDiv=document.getElementById('btn').getElementsByTagName('div');
   
   function Banner(oWrap,picImg,tabLi,btnDiv){
    this.wrap=oWrap
    this.list=picImg
    this.tab=tabLi
    this.btn=btnDiv
    this.index=0; //这些都必须是私有的,不然两个banner会一样
    this.timer=null;
    this.length=this.tab.length;
    
   // this.init();//下面创建好,要在这里执行
    
   }
   
   //初始化分类
   Banner.prototype.init=function(){ //先把下面的分类
    var This=this; //var 一个This变量把this存起来
    this.list[0].style.display='block';
    this.tab[0].className='on';
    
    for(var i=0;i<this.length;i++){
    this.tab[i].index=i; 
    this.tab[i].onclick=function(){
     //this.list[index].style.display='none'; 这里的this指向tab的this 
     This.list[This.index].style.display='none'; 
     This.tab[This.index].className='';
     //index=this.index;
     This.index=this.index;
     This.list[This.index].style.display='block';
     //This.tab[This.index].className='on'; 
     this.className='on';
    } 
   };
   
   for(var i=0;i<this.btn.length;i++){
    this.btn[i].index=i;
    this.btn[i].onselectstart=function(){ 
     return false;
    }
    this.btn[i].onclick=function(){
     This.list[This.index].style.display='none'; 
     This.tab[This.index].className='';
     if(this.index){
      This.index++;
      This.index%=This.length; 
     }else{
      This.index--;
      if(index<0)This.index=This.length-1;     
     }  
     This.list[This.index].style.display='block';
     This.tab[This.index].className='on'; 
    }
   }
    this.auto();
    this.clear();    
   };
   Banner.prototype.auto=function(){
     var This=this; 

     This.timer=setInterval(function(){ //一般都是向左轮播,index++
      This.list[This.index].style.display='none';
      This.tab[This.index].className='';
      This.index++;
      This.index%=This.length;
      This.list[This.index].style.display='block';
      This.tab[This.index].className='on';
     },2000)
   };
   
   Banner.prototype.clear=function(){
     var This=this;    
     this.wrap.onmouseover=function(){
      clearInterval(This.timer)
   }
     this.wrap.onmouseleave=function(){
      This.auto();
    } 
   };
   
   
   var banner1=new Banner(oWrap,picImg,tabLi,btnDiv);
   banner1.init();
  
  /*
   * init()
   * function init(){
   for(var i=0;i<tabLi.length;i++){
    tabLi[i].index=i; 
    tabLi[i].onclick=function(){
     picImg[index].style.display='none'; 
     tabLi[index].className='';
     index=this.index;
     picImg[index].style.display='block';
     tabLi[index].className='on'; 
    }    
   };
   
   
   }
   for(var i=0;i<btnDiv.length;i++){
    btnDiv[i].index=i;
    btnDiv[i].onselectstart=function(){ 
     return false;
    }
    btnDiv[i].onclick=function(){
     picImg[index].style.display='none'; 
     tabLi[index].className='';
     if(this.index){
      index++;
      index%=tabLi.length;
     }else{
      index--;
      if(index<0)index=tabLi.length-1;     
     }  
     picImg[index].style.display='block';
     tabLi[index].className='on';
    }    
   };
   auto();
   oWrap.onmouseover=function(){
    clearInterval(timer)
   }
   oWrap.onmouseleave=function(){
    auto();
   }
   function auto(){
    timer=setInterval(function(){ //一般都是向左轮播,index++
      picImg[index].style.display='none';
      tabLi[index].className='';
      index++;
      index%=tabLi.length;
      picImg[index].style.display='block';
      tabLi[index].className='on';
    },2000)
   };
   
   */
  </script>
 </body>
</html>


以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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